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剥离了岩石中的矿物质,使澳大利亚的土壤缺乏养分——特别是 Pic searchsearch Oral search Szh Programming Datingbikini.com Programming search Michigan Pic searchsearch Datingbikini.com Oral searchsearchsearchsearchsearchsearch Michigan searchsearch Pic Programming Datingbikini.com Datingbikini.com Oral search Datingbikini.com search Michigan Michigan Szh search Sex search Michigan search Programming Oral Programming Programming Sex Szh Pic Programming search样searchsearchsearch Programming search Michigan search Pic searchsearch Michigan Michigan Szh Datingbikini.com 致search Datingbikini.com searchsearch Programming Oral Szh Programming 壤 Michigan search养searchsearch Michigan Michigan Szh search Michigan search Datingbikini.com search Programming Sex Programming search Programming searchsearchsearch Pic search之。search Programming search Oral Szh Michigan 止 Programming 硬叶植物重新占据了硬叶植物在澳大利亚的许多栖地。因低碳氮比而产生的毒素使得硬化种的树叶和树枝可长期存在于调落物中,并因此导致林地中产生一个相当大的枯枝落叶层。[7][8]许多植物——特别是桉树——的毒素,易挥发、易燃,大量存在于的调落物中,再加上林下的草本植物,使得火灾多发。[9]所有的澳大利亚硬叶植物群落逐渐适应了频繁的火灾,这些林地中的木本植物更容易在火灾中幸存,并使火灾的影响降到最小。[10]

硬叶植物有着较强的抗旱能力,使它们在降雨量随季节变化的地区中占据优势。它们在澳大利亚适应了含磷量低的土壤——这令许多澳大利亚本土植物无法承受较高的含磷量,如果施肥的方法不正确则会死亡。硬叶中的木质素可防止萎蔫,并使植物在缺乏磷的情况下依旧能够生长。[11]

参见[编辑]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ C. Michael Hogan. 2010. Leather Oak, Quercus durata. Encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and Environment. Washington DC
  2. ^ Sydney Coastal Dry Sclerophyll Forests. NSW Environment & Heritage. [September 17, 2012]. 
  3. ^ Simmons, M. 1982. Acacias of Australia. Thomas Nelson, Melbourne
  4. ^ Florence, R. G. 1996. Ecology and silviculture of eucalypt forests. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood.
  5. ^ Mott, J. J., and J. C. Tothill. 1984. Tropical and subtropical woodlands. in G. N. Harrington and A. D. Wilson, editors. Management of Australia's Rangelands. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne
  6. ^ Parsons R. F.; Cameron D .G. Maximum Plant Species Diversity in Terrestrial Communities. Biotropica (The Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation). 1974, 6 (3): 202. doi:10.2307/2989653. JSTOR 2989653. 
  7. ^ White, M. E. 1986. The Greening of Gondwana. Reed Books, Frenchs Forest, Australia.
  8. ^ Flannery, T. 1994. The future eaters. Reed New Holland, Frenchs Forest, Australia.
  9. ^ Burrows, W. H., J. O. Carter, J. C. Scanlan, and E. R. Anderson. 1990. Management of savannas for livestock production in north-east Australia: contrasts across the tree-grass continuum. Journal of Biogeography 17:503–512.
  10. ^ Harrington, G. N., M. H. Friedel, K. C. Hodgkinson, and J. C. Noble. 1984. Vegetation ecology and management. in G. N. Harrington and A. D. Wilson, editors. Management of Australia's Rangelands. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.
  11. ^ R. Major. Sclerophyll forests. Australian Museum. 2003 [February 14, 2005]. 
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